Mahavidyas (Great Wisdoms) or DashaMahavidyas are a group of ten aspects of the Divine Mother or Devi in Hinduism. The Ten Mahavidyas are Wisdom Goddesses, who represent a spectrum of feminine divinity, from horrific goddesses at one end, to the ravishingly beautiful at the other.
Shaktas believe, “the one Truth is sensed in ten different facets; the Divine Mother is adored and approached as ten cosmic personalities,” the Dasa-Mahavidya (“ten-Mahavidyas”). The Mahavidyas are considered Tantric in nature, and are usually identified as:
1.Kali: The ultimate form of Brahman, “Devourer of Time” (Supreme Deity of Kalikula systems)
2.Tara: The Goddess as Guide and Protector, or Who Saves.Who offers the ultimate knowledge which gives salvation(also known as Neel Saraswati).
3.Lalita-Tripurasundari (Shodashi): The Goddess Who is “Beautiful in the Three Worlds” (Supreme Deity of Srikula systems); the “Tantric Parvati” or the “Moksha Mukuta”.
4.Bhuvaneshvari: The Goddess as World Mother, or Whose Body is the Cosmos
5.Bhairavi: The Fierce Goddess
6.Chhinnamasta: The Self-Decapitated Goddess
7.Dhumavati: The Widow Goddess,or the Goddess of death.
8.Bagalamukhi: The Goddess Who Paralyzes Enemies
9.Matangi: the Prime Minister of Lalita (in Srikula systems); the “Tantric Saraswati”
10.Kamala: The Lotus Goddess; the “Tantric Lakshmi”
The Mahabhagavata Purana and Brhaddharma Purana however, list Shodashi (Sodasi) as Tripura Sundari, her another name. The Guhyatiguyha-tantra associates the Mahavidyas with the ten Avatars of Vishnu, and states that the Mahavidyas are the source from which the avatars of Vishnu arose. All ten forms of the Goddess, whether gentle or terrifying, are worshiped as the universal Mother.
Dashavatara refers to the ten Avatars. In Vaishnava philosophy, an Avatar (Sanskrit: अवतार, avatāra), most commonly refers to the ‘descent’ and daśa refers to ‘ten’ in number. The ten most famous incarnations of Vishnu or sometimes Krishna are collectively known as the Dashavatara.
Matsya, the fish
Kurma, the tortoise
Varaha, the boar
Narasimha, the half-man/half-lion
Vamana, the dwarf
Parashurama, a Brahmin
Rama, Ramachandra, Raghunath ,the prince and king of Ayodhya
Krishna ,meaning ‘dark coloured’ or ‘all attractive’. As per the North Indian belief, Krishna is the eighth avatar, while as per south Indian belief, Balarama is considered as the eight avatar and Krishna as the ninth
Buddha, the enlightened one.
Kalki, the last avatar of Vishnu, is yet to appear
Kali frees from fear of death (underlying anxiety of first chakra). It liberates from attachment of physical body and of attachments which threaten our spiritual advancement. Favorable towards spiritual energy. Connected with Muladhara chakra and raising Kundalini energy.
Kali Mantra: om kam kalika namah
|Mahavidya||Eternity of time|
|Worship means||To die daily, detach from body consciousness and the impermanence of all things, transforming into the eternal unborn being.|
|Mantra||KRING KRING KRING HING HRING DAKSHINE KALIKE KRING KRING KRING HRING HRING HUNG HUNG SWAHA|
|Enhances||Kumbaka, self-knowledge, samadhi.|
Tara Yantra brings people across the ocean of relative existence (sansara). She is the embodiment of emotion and speech. Adoration it eliminates the problems associated with water. Connected with svadhistana chakra. Siddhas (gifts) of Tara can occur through only one mention of it with a true faith. Gives balance and inspiration to freedom of movement. It’s above all rules and guidelines.
Tara Mantra: om hrim trim hum phat
|Mahavidya||The power of silence|
|Worship means||To move accross the pond of mind & emotion, guided by the savior star that is silence, the void, nada, the primordial sound.|
|Mantra||AING AUNG HRING KRING HUM PHAT|
|Enhances||Hearing the silence of nada (or Aum) behind all sound, inner peace.|
MANDALA OF TARA MANTRA
This Yantra embodies the transcendental consciousness. It’s source of inspiration, sincerity and youth. Tripura awakens the desire of aspiration for unity. Eliminates from fundamental or underlying fears and instincts.
Tripura Sundari Mantra: om sri tripuryai namah
|Name||TRIPUR SUNDARI (beauty of the 3 worlds)|
|Mahavidya||The beauty of pure perception|
|Worship means||To move beyond the perception of form into the delightful union of seen and seer, the divine beauty in everything.|
|Mantra||HRING KA AE EE LA HRING HA SA KA HA LA HRING SA KA LA HRING|
TRIPURA SUNDARI YANTRA
MANDALA OF TRIPURA SUNDARI MANTRA
The Creative Play Design represents the infinite potential of space. Space to recreate yourself, to create something new and to procreate. This is the divine play of the Goddess Bhuvaneshvari who is the Queen of the Universe, the Cosmos personified. The Creative Play Design symbolizes the body of Bhuvaneshvari. All forms of creativity are nurtured through her worship. She represents community, family and the power of love. This love resides at the heart and is nurtured through creative interactions with one’s family. Placing this yantra in one’s family or recreation room will bring forth an abundant sense of well-being and compatibility between all who reside there. Deep understanding of each other invoking harmony and togetherness arise.
Bhuvaneshvari Mantra: srim hrim bhuvaneswariye namah
|Name||BHUVANESHWARI (queen of the universe)|
|Mahavidya||The love of infinite space|
|Worship means||To let the fullness of inner space merge with the cosmic womb of outer space, with the divine mother, and join the play of loving union with everything.|
Tripura represents itself the Divine Mother, which introduce 3 levels of existence: physical, astral and heavenly.
Tripura Bhayravi Mantra: hasain haskarim hasain
|Name||TRIPUR BHAIRAVI (terror of the 3 worlds)|
|Mahavidya||The fire of truth|
|Worship means||To let the awesome power of truth destroy all impediments to spiritual growth by burning them in the fire of tapas (ascetism).|
|Mantra||HASAIN HASKARING HASAIN|
|Enhances||Inner light, removal of the 9 impediments of mind|
TRIPURA BHAYRAVI YANTRAMANDALA OF TRIPURA BHAYRAVI MANTRA
Well known as “cutting the head” to itself. Termination activity of intellect and internal dialogue. Chinnamasta stops activity of 5 senses and gives energy for development the sixth sense (hosted in Adjna Chakra). Gives a willpower and ability of direct vision.
Chinnamasta Mantra: om srim hrim hrim vajravairocaniye hrim hrim phat svaha
|Name||CHINNAMASTA (chopped off head)|
|Mahavidya||To stop mind is liberation|
|Worship means||To liberate yourself from the desire for sensory input, cutting off the source of the movements of mind and reaching deep meditation (samadhi).|
|Mantra||SHRING HRING KLING AING
VAJRAVAIROCHNIYE HUNG HUNG PHAT SWAHA
|Enhances||Willpower, vision, meditation, sexual abstinence, kundalini yoga, samadhi|
MANDALA OF CHINNAMASTA MANTRA
Dhumavati symbolizes the Divine Mother in distorted form. Contains energy in itself which devoid of charge. Used for attraction of various energies. Allows to attain not dual state of consciousness.
Dhumavati Mantra: dhum dhum dhumavati svaha
|Name||DHUMAVATI (beholder of smoke)|
|Mahavidya||The blessing of suffering|
|Worship means||To let the unreal become obscured by the smoke of suffering, revealing the hidden potential behind pain, uglyness and old age, grasping the opportunity for learning, embracing the wisdom of forgetting the past.|
|Mantra||DHUNG DHUNG DHUMAVATI THAH THAH|
|Enhances||Enjoyment of sorrow, spiritual insight, compassion, mental health|
“Powerful”. Gives ability to contain and manage. Makes speaker be silent, violent be quite, king makes poor and resistance to cooperation. This Yantra also makes enemies moveless and speechless. Stops the movement of natural phenomena. Helps to remove interferences, helps attain victory in the competition and become famous.
Bagala – Mukhi Mantra: om hlim bagalamukhi sarvadu stanam buddhim vinasaya hlim om svaha
|Name||BAGLA MUKHI (power to stop speech)|
|Mahavidya||All opposites are one|
|Worship means||To apply the stunning power of the truth of complementarity upon all negativity, silencing confusion and doubt.|
|Mantra||AUM HRING BAGLAMUKHI SARVA DUSHTANAM VAVACHAMUKHAM ISTAMBHAY JIVHAMKEELAY BUDDHINASHAY HRING AUM SWAHA|
|Enhances||Inner silence, stillness of asana, kumbhaka, willpower|
BAGALA – MUKHI YANTRA
BAGALA –MUKHI MANTRA
It contributes to master speech, creativity, music, science and fine arts. Promotes to remove imbalances and achieves harmony of life.
|Name||MATANGI (power of intellect)|
|Mahavidya||Speaking truth purifies|
|Worship means||To speak truth, teach truth, sing of truth, paint truth, even if it makes us outcasts, even if we feel unsuited, and thus invoke its purifying power.|
|Mantra||AUM HRING KLING HUM MATANGAIYE PHAT SWAHA|
|Enhances||Creativity, harmony, mantra meditation, teaching|
The Goddess of Fulfillment. Kamala brings riches in both the material and spiritual realms. She brings peace and prosperity to those who generously share these qualities with others whereby the true fulfillment, the wealth of spirit is attained.
Kamala Mantra: srim klim srim
|Name||KAMLA (lotus, clad in water)|
|Mahavidya||Sharing brings wealth|
|Worship means||To share wealth, beauty and enjoyment in order to obey the magic law of karma, thus providing a peaceful background for spiritual growth.|
|Mantra||AUM AING HING SHRING KLING
HASSAU JAGATPRASUTAYEI NAMAH
|Enhances||Wealth, sharing, peace, devotion|
MANDALA OF KAMALA MANTRA
Tara is the second Mahavidya. In Buddhism Tara is most often seen as benign but she does have her fierce aspects. Like Kurukulla, Ugra Tara, the Blue She Wolf. In Hinduism as a Mahavidya she is often seen as violent and terrible even though she is seen as benign at times. Bama Kempa was one of her most famous saints. He resided in the Tara Pith temple in Bangladesh. He was extremely intoxicated by Her. He was able to heal with his hands by the power of the Goddess. He was poorly educated and he was unable to hold his own in the world, all he could think about was Mother.
Ramprasad a saint and a bard made no difference between Tara and Kali. His mind was also absorbed by the Great Goddess as well.
As a Mahavidya and as the second manifestation Tara has similar features and attributes of Kali. It would seem that what Kali does, Tara is the result.
As a Mahavidya she is another goddess like Kali who haunts the cremation grounds, also I feel her energy like Kali around the cemeteries. Well I’m always in contact with Kali. Tara like the other goddesses is a goddess of liberation. She is the Divine word and her simple mantra in Om. Also Hrim can be used for all the Mahavidyas.
She is a star goddess, her crown when she wears one has a star and moon upon it. Tara is a savioress, she saves her devotees from dharma and suffering. The Buddhists text says that she can not stand to see her devotess suffer.
Tara means star. Shes a star goddess. The term Tara means deliverer and savior. Tara is also from the Sanskrit root tri meaning to take across. She can take the devotee across all obstacles and deliver them from atrocities. Tri also means to scatter as the stars are scattered across The universe.
Tara which is a masculine word for deliverer is also called OM or the god Shiva. Of course this is a Vedic association. Om like Tara is a deliverer and saves the devotees. In the Vedas Shiva is also known as Rudra which is his wrathful aspect the Howler and yet he is also the transformative power of OM. Om is also called Taraka as well as Tara as it functions as the deliverer. Tara is the feminine form of Om or Om as the Goddess. For more information on OM please see my page called OM/AUM at http://community.webtv.net/friskey-kity/
Tara is sound a the purifying power of the breath.
As the Deliverer she relates to Durga. She is even called Durga-Tara. Durga is a great goddess of many things she also removes obstacles by destroying them and tearing them apart, she comes on as powerful and strikes hard, she overcomes our problems by destroying them whereas Tara is the power that takes us beyond these problems and delivers us to safe harbor.
In her manifest form she is the consort of the lord of wisdom Brihaspati (Jupiter) but Tara also has a secret love affair with Soma the Moon from her affair with the moon she gives birth to Mercury the planet of swiftness, speech, knowledge, alchemy, the messenger, the trickster, teacher and pranks and more.
Her mantra as Green Tara is
Om Tare Tutare Ture Soha
her mantra when she is especially wrathful is HUM.
another mantra of her is the divine word OM
Hrim is another mantra for her
her longer mantra is
“Om Hrim Strim Hum Phat
Strim (Streem) is the fem. for Stri. This mantra provides and preserves, it is the power to give birth.
also her other mantra is
OM Trim Strim Hum Phat
Trim is the mantra of deliverance
Her mantra can be Strim Hrim Hum Phat or
Strim Hum Phat
the three variations Om Strim Hrim Hum Phat
Strim Hrim Hum Phat
Strim Hrim Hum
represents her 3 aspects as the Mother of consciousness, the cosmic ruler and the power of Kundalini.
Tara is seen in these colors red, yellow, blue, green and white.
Heres a hymn hat describes Tara Kurukulla
Homage and praise to her
who stands in the dancing pose
haughty with furious rage,
who bears a tiger skin,
I pay homage to the red one,
baring her fangs, whose body is frightful.
who is adrorned with the five signs of ferocity,
whose necklace is half a hundred human heads,
who is the conqueress of Mara.
This is from the dyhna mantra that is for the fierce Ugra Tara
I mediate upon the Divine Mother of the three
worlds, who is sitting on a white lotus situated in the center of the waters enveloping the entire universe. In her left hands she holds a knife and a skull and, in her right hands, a sword and a blue lotus. Her complexion is blue and she is bedecked with ornaments….She is decorated with three beautiful serpents and as three red eyes. Her hair is bunched into a single plait of tawny color. Her tongue is always moving, and her teeth and mouth appear terrible. She is wearing a tiger sin around her waist, and her forehead is decorated with ornaments of white bone. Sage Akshobhya, in the form of a serpent, is situated on her head. She is seated on the heart of corpse, and her breasts are hard. Thus should one meditate on Bhagavati Tara, who is the Mistress of all three worlds.
Tara is also known as Nila-Sarasvati. This is Nila-Sarasvati as Sarasvati in her darker aspect. She makes one unbeatable in debate, as long as they are truthful and not opinionated. Sarasvati is the Goddess of speech, intellect etc. Tara as Nila-Sarvisvati is the protective and destructive power of speech.
Here is her meditation form from the Tarashtakam
Mother, dark blue Sarasvati, who grant all that is auspicious to those who surrender to you, who sit with your left leg extended, you who are the heart of Shiva, with a smiling lotus face.
Who have three eyes like a budding, lotus, the creatrix, who carry a severed head, a lotus, and a sword, I take refuge in you, the supreme lady of the worlds.
Tara is a goddess of knowledge.
Here tara is seen sitting upon Shiva. She looks similar to Mother Kali. But there are differences. she holds a scissors and she has no girdle of severe arms around her waists.